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PSYC431 Questions and Answers
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The psychological phases of disaster response provide a useful framework for behavioral
health providers and other agency professionals, and community members to understand
the psychological and emotional transitions throughout the disaster recovery process.
identify and explain, with detail, a disaster response phase.
The occurrence of a catastrophic event results in a cycle of phases that the individuals and
the community involved undergo from the time of the impact of the calamity to rebuilding a new
life. According to Davison et al. (2017), the phases of disaster response vary in intensity and
length depending on the magnitude of physical damage, the type of disaster, and resource
availability. The heroic phase is the second disaster response phase characterized by stressed
individuals with emergency needs for shelter, water, and food. Despite strong emotions of loss
and grief, there is a high sense of heroic and altruism (Davison et al., 2017). People respond
selflessly to meet the dire needs and rescue the survivors. During this phase, much effort goes
into saving the lives of others and property, with the emergency teams and family groups on the
scene being the most fundamental source of help.
a disaster, either historical or modern-day, and describe the selected
psychological phase of disaster response exemplified in the chosen disaster.
Katrina, a category five hurricane, occurred in Louisiana on the Gulf Coast on 29th August
2005. Due to the storm’s devastating aftermath, Hurricane Katrina is considered the most costly
and destructive natural disaster in American history. As a result, almost 2,000 people lost their
lives, and hundreds of thousands of people in Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana were
displaced. In the aftermath of the storm, many individuals acted heroically and gave the best of
themselves to rescue their neighbors and property. Ordinary citizens, cha…